18 Jun, 2012
‘Something to Chew On’ by Professor Mike Gibney
Books on critical thinking and science are one of my favourite nerdy pleasures, and I just got a new one that I’m very excited about reading – ‘Something to Chew On’ by Professor Mike Gibney. Professor Gibney is the Head of the Institute of Food and Health in UCD, and in the book, he tackles controversies and common misunderstandings about food and health from an expert scientific perspective. The first few articles that I’ve read are fantastic; he has a great, accessible writing style and the subject matter is really stimulating. We’ll be doing a detailed review here and giving away a few copies soon, but in the meantime, you can read this preview of some of the areas covered in the book:
- Organic food is no more nutritious and no more environmentally friendly than conventional farming and just because a food chemical is natural, does not mean it is safe: nicotine, hemlock, opium, magic mushrooms
- Genetically modified crops can play a significant role in modern agriculture and this technology involves the precision insertion of individual genes. Conventional plant breeding uses atomic radiation to rattle the plants genes in order to discover some new plant variety.
- Obesity is a huge burden on health care costs but if you want to blame fast food and sugary drinks then you’re wrong. All foods contribute to obesity and there is no simple “fix”. Without addressing physical activity, policies on food choice simply won’t work.
- Human babies inherit half their DNA from each parent and during pregnancy, the mother turns up and down these genes to meet the baby’s future needs. We now know that diet-related diseases can be directly traced back to this period in the womb.
- Old age brings with it several conditions that have a nutritional dimension including loss of cognition, bone loss and poor vision. Many older persons are at risk of poor nutrition which means more hospitalisation and for longer periods – such that malnutrition in older persons costs the health service more than obesity.
- Our gut bacteria have 100 times more genes than we have and play a major role not just in gut health but in the wider aspects of health including, obesity and immunity.
- Personalised nutrition is fast becoming a reality where dietary advice is tailored to individual needs according to a person’s diet, blood biochemistry and their genetic make up.
- Trust in science is hard won and easily lost and crises like that of BSE lead to a serious set back to consumer confidence in science. However, most of the concerns of consumers, including food activists, are based on emotion and their scientific views are there to defend this emotional or dogmatic stance.
- Hunger kills one human child every six seconds: equivalent to 30 or so fully booked jumbo jets crashing to earth every day. The greatest problems lie in sub-Saharan Africa which has been starved of serious agricultural development and where population growth, global warming and drought will play its heaviest role.
- Global warming is one element of the “perfect storm” that will challenge us to feed the world in 2050. A 50% increase in global population, water shortages and lower crop yields from climate change, all arriving at the same time.
The Irish Food Bloggers Association are currently running a giveaway on their site, closing date Wednesday, so head over there to try to nab a copy – and don’t forget to check back here soon for our own competition.